There are several positions on a softball team, each with its own specific roles vital for the team’s victory.
A total of nine positions in softball are played by the team currently on the field, which is the team playing the defense.
As a team, you will have nine players active on the field who will perform as a pitcher, catcher, three players as basemen, a shortstop, and three outfielders.
On the other hand, the offensive team or the team at bat only has one position during the game which is the batter.
Read through to learn about the different softball positions and their roles that all softball players and fans should know.
Softball Positions & Their Roles
The pitcher is responsible for throwing the ball to the catcher to start every inning. He stands on the pitcher’s mound in the center of the diamond and throws the ball to the catcher.
Pitchers throw the ball using an underhand motion targeting the “strike zone” which is an imaginary area from the chest of the batter to his knee.
This motion causes minimal stress to the shoulder joint than using overhand pitches allowing softball pitchers to pitch several times each inning.
After pitching, the pitcher becomes a defensive player who is now responsible for catching and fielding ground balls and pop-ups that hit within the middle area up to the first base.
The catcher is positioned behind the home plate to defend the plate and is responsible for catching the ball pitched by the pitcher.
He is positioned in a squatting stance and his job is to frame the strike zone so that the pitcher can throw strikes on the target.
Together with the pitcher, the catcher coordinates the defense by calling each pitch and giving signs to help identify it.
Since catchers also have the most perspective to survey the field and situation, he is also expected to communicate with the team regarding important details such as the number of outs and strikes.
In addition, the catcher field bunts, pop flies, or other balls that could roll into foul territory, throw out the opposing runner’s attempt to steal a base, and cover the home plate to prevent the opposing team from scoring.
The first baseman stands at the right side of the pitcher, with the first base to his right.
His main duty is to be on the alert for the ball being hit toward first base in order to catch and throw balls that hit toward this area to prevent the opposing team from scoring thus setting his team’s momentum at play.
The first baseman is usually the team’s biggest power hitter and must often be skilled at fielding balls that are poorly thrown as well as read throws from the other infielders to get outs before making a play.
The second baseman is an infielder whose position is between the first and second base directly opposite the home plate and is usually the team’s outstanding defensive player.
The role of the second baseman includes fielding the ball thrown on their area, covering the second base, and catching pop flies.
They also receive throws from the other fielders attempting to make outs at second base and can throw balls to the pitcher to get outs.
The shortstop, typically the best player on the diamond, catches and fields balls that hit the infield covering the gap between the second and third base positioned in the middle of these bases.
A shortstop not only catches and fields balls hit between second and third base but is also involved in force plays and double plays with the second baseman.
The shortstop is an important position on any softball team requiring an agile and versatile player to effectively cover the position.
A third baseman is a softball player who defends third base. The third base is positioned to the left of the field, which is diagonally opposite of the first base still a part of the infield.
He bears responsibility for covering the third base area on defense by fielding balls hit on this area, catches throws from other fielders, and throwing out opposing fielders attempting to make outs on the third base.
They are also expected to make a throw to the catcher when an opposing player is running to home plate.
The left fielder specializes in catching fly balls and line drives as well as fielding ground balls that make it past the infield.
He is positioned in the outfield outside the scope of the four bases on the left side of the field closest to the third base.
Left fielders are outfield defense players so a good deal of speed and excellent fielding skills are a must for the position.
The center fielder is a defensive role positioned between the left and right outfield behind the second base.
This position shares many responsibilities as the other outfielders which include fielding fly balls, line drives, and ground balls that hit into the center outfield.
It’s also the most challenging and demanding outfield position since they have a large area to cover requiring speed and agility when fielding.
The right fielder is the position of defense in the outfield and is situated behind the first base on the right side of the field.
Like the left and center fielder, the right fielder is tasked to field balls that go over the first base infield, catch fly balls that are deep in the outfield, and cover the right side of the field.
They typically need very long throws, so good arm strength is a must to perform this position.
A batter is an offensive player positioned in the batter’s box tasked to hit the pitched ball by the opposing team.
As a batter, you will face off with the opposing pitcher and compete against the entire opposing team.
When the batter hits the ball and gets it into play, he immediately puts the bat down, advances to each base, and finally reaches the home plate before the ball does.
By reaching home plate, a run will score for his team which is the batter’s main goal as an offensive player.
Softball may seem like a simple sport but there are several roles, positions, and technical knowledge to master to be a successful player.
In order to fulfill your duties on the field, you must familiarize yourself first with what each type of position is responsible for.
Being a softball player requires that you know your responsibilities and are be able to fulfill them ultimately.
The roles of each softball position are detailed here, including the different responsibilities for each role.
I hope this article has helped you gain sufficient knowledge about softball positions and their roles in the field.